- Examples of Capital Letters
- Examples of Lower Case
- Latin phrases
- Manx words
Manx in early records
Manx was primarily a spoken language during the period of the records considered. Certain Manx words (primarly those associated with names) do appear however, and these have apparently been phonetically transcribed. The definitions of some such words are given below. These were taken from Kelly's 1810 English-Manx dictionary.
Commonly used Manx words in personal names
mac translates to son
ine presumablably relates to the Manx word inney which translates to daughter
Both of these words commonly appear in names as recoreded in 16th century documents. For example John mac Cannell or Jony ine Quayle. It is likely that the gradual incorporation of mac into surnames explains why so many Manx surnames now begin with a C, K or Q.
Commonly used Manx words in place names
Many place names recorded in early documents derive from the Manx and may describe geographical features in that language. Some examples of component words found in many placenames are given below.
balley variously translates to farm, village or estate. It is a common place name prefix.
beg translates to small.
cronk translates to hill or mount.
glion translates to glen.
lhargy translates to ditch, den or hollow place.